The Ministry of Railways Development was established by the President of the Republic of Ghana, H.E. Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo in February, 2017. The Ministry has been tasked with ensuring the rapid development of a modern rail network in Ghana.
Connecting the major cities of Accra, Kumasi, Sekondi-Takoradi and Tamale; the use of Ghana as the route for transporting goods from landlocked countries north of Ghana, such as Burkina Faso, to the ports of Tema and Takoradi and also from the ports to the landlocked countries; the presence of major mineral deposits of manganese, bauxite and iron ore along the route of the existing railways network; the potential to attract other bulk cargo such as cocoa, cement, mining equipment and petroleum products onto the rail network; the expansion of the ports of Tema and Takoradi; the proposed creation of inland rail terminals; the development of new industrial estates; the development of new settlements and the complete transformation of the economy, based on the backbone of a nationwide robust and modern railways network, all make a compelling case for the focus on the railways sector in Ghana.
The existing network consists of three lines: the Western Line, the Eastern Line and the Central Line (from Huni Valley to Kotoku). Built during the colonial period, what is still operational is barely 13% of the approximately 947 kilometers of rail that existed at independence in 1957. These lines are all narrow (Cape) gauge, single track lines. What is left of it, is used for both freight and passenger traffic. Over the years, the track and rolling stock have all deteriorated, due to lack of maintenance.
The Ghana Railway Master Plan, completed in 2013, is a guide for the fulfilment of the Ministry’s mandate. The Master Plan proposes a new railway network of 4,007.6 km with an investment of approximately US$21,507,920,000.00. All the new rail network will be standard gauge. The Ghana Railway Master Plan envisages that the total rail network of 4,007.6 km is to be done in six phases.
The Government of Ghana, through the Ministry of Railways Development, having reviewed the Ghana Railways Master Plan, has identified specific phases of the Master Plan as Priority Projects for the next few years. The proposed time frame for the execution of these Priority Projects is from July 2016 to June 2020. These Priority Projects are the Phase 2 of the Master Plan and some railway lines in Phase 3 and Phase 5 of the Master Plan.
Phase 2 covers approximately a total of 1234 kilometers. It involves the construction of the following:
The lines in Phase 3 that have been included in Priority Projects for the next four years are the following:
Our Objectives include the following;
Create an accessible, affordable, reliable, effective and efficient railway system that meets user needs
Develop and implement comprehensive and integrated Policy
Ensure sustainable development in the Railways Sector
Develop adequate Human Resources and apply new technology